Damascene is an ancient method of decorating metal that was adopted by both the Spanish and the Japanese several hundred years ago when Syrian traders brought pieces along the Silk Road. Each piece involves days of engraving the base metal and then pressing in and smoothing down fine wires of gold and silver before before applying many coats of an oil and charcoal finish.
This necklace is made in the 1930s or perhaps a little earlier when the Japanese began to make damascene to export to North America. The base metal is brass and the inlayed decoration is done in silver and 24 karat gold as marked on the clasp. It is 21.5 inches around and the center pendant is 2.25 inches long. An amazing piece of craftsmanship and art.